Friday, 16 November 2007

moving towards mock-ups...

A few options on joint details. We have a range of 30° on the angle of intersection for each joint. We are proposing that there are then 6 details, each of which can acommodate a variation of 5°. Rieder is confident that their material is strong enough, and their fabrication process acurate enough, that we could do a concrete on concrete joint, with no gaskets or fixings. AKT is not confident about this approach. Not only do they want the gasket, but they also want a mechanical or adhesive fixing. Above is a range of options showing a range of 6 variations each on a gasket-less variable notch detail, and two rubber gasket details.

AKT is also proposing a series of details, which we will post later.

All of the details will be tested through AKT.

In parrallel, we are producing a 1:1 scale plywood mock-up to test fitting and assembly. Here's some images of the 3D model of this mock-up. Yosuke will be coordinating a team of the current DRL phase one students to fabricate and assemble this mock up.

Once again, special thanks to Marc Fornes of theverymany for his assistance with providing the Rhino scripting tools to notch and unroll these surfaces!!
the 58 unrolled profiles for the mock up, notched and ready to be cut...

Wednesday, 14 November 2007

a few words from our sponsor...

Yesterday afternoon we had a meeting at the offices of Zaha Hadid Architects (pavilion sponsor), with event organizers Patrik Schumacher (ZHA/AADRL) & Yosuke Obuchi (AADRL), structural engineers Hanif Kara, Oliver Bruckermann, & Jugatx Ansotegui (AKT), & our material sponsor Wolfgang Rieder (Rieder Co.).

We learned quite alot from Wolfgang regarding the possiblities of Fibre-C as a material, and he has generously committed his staff to helping us develop the design. The enthusiasm and insight of everyone involved has been fantastic.

We wiill post more results from the meeting soon, as we will be producing a series of 1:1 mockups of joint options for structural testing (AKT), a 1:1 plywood mock-up to test fitting of panels (AADRL), and a 1:1 Fibre-C mockup for fitting and assembly tests (Rieder Co.).

In the meantime here's some info and images documenting the process of fabrication for Fibre-C panels, sent over this morning by Maria at Rieder.

" fibreC, which is also known as “concrete skin” and has won international architectural awards - is a concrete panel reinforced with glass- fibres which combines the advantages of concrete and glassfibres in one product: it is as solid, moldable and durable as concrete, but thanks to the glassfibres also thin-walled, fireproof and light-weight. Like a skin of concrete, it allows the construction of slim elements with a tensile strength. The extremely thin concrete slabs contribute to the new language of shapes."

"The high consistence of fibreC results from the reinforced glassfibres."

"A special extrusion process incorporates layers of glassfibre into a concrete matrix; in the top layer and underlayer the fibres are undirected and scattered, in the medium layer they take the form of roofings (fibre bundles). The omission of steel reinforcement allows the construction of “slim” concrete elements which are highly stressable despite being extremely thin-walled. The result is an extremely thin slab with 0.31“ to 0.39“ thickness, which is very light-weight, yet has a high flexural strength. The slabs can be dyed in different colors before being hardened for 28 days."

"By using genuine natural stone with iron-oxide pigments, our products resemble natural colors to the smallest detail; the result is “technological marble“ without coating. The process using iron oxide pigments fulfills our sustainability requirement. The authentic colors of concrete skin blend perfectly into the existing landscape and communicate with nature and the environment. One of the most fascinating colors is “liquide black“, a deep rich black produced with unique copper stone, where genuine oxidized copper dots sometimes gleam through the surface."

Profiles will be cut by CNC water-jet machines from standard 3.6m x 1.2m fibre-C panels.

We have also gone ahead and specified a color for our sheets...we are using the Ivory color with a Ferro (sanblasted) finish, as highlighted above. We wanted to use the rough finish as it truly expresses itself as concrete. The rough finish will also help us by providing friction at the joints. The polished finish is really nice, but comes across as a solid surface application (i.e. corian). There will be slight variations in the colors of individual panels as they all cure differently:

"Vivid structures with an interplay of changing color shades and somecloud effects, rather than dead and clinical surfaces, are characteristicof fibreC. Differences attract and are understood as what they are– a typical characteristic of a natural building material."

crease angle plug-in for rhino...

here's some screenshots from today's progress....

we have begun laying out the standard 3.6m x 1.2m fibre-c sheets against our geometry. the lenght of each section is determined by this sheet size. at the moment, we are going with the 3.6m length, as it makes for a lighter element that can be handled by hand. however, AKT is suggesting that we move to the 5m sheet...that means we would require a crane for assembly, as the weight of each individual profile would be over 25kg, which is the legal limit in the UK for builders to lift by hand...BUT it offers greater structural optimization as we would greatly reduce the number of splices required in joining discontinuous members....
we have also created an intersection network for AKT to analyze, as well as documenting all of the angles of intersection for all of the planes (thanks to the crease angle plugin for Rhino). as you can see below, no two angles are the same...although many are within very close range to one another.

we'll have more on some ideas regarding how we can deal with these angle variations soon...AKT has a few options they would like to explore, and we are developing a couple as well...

Monday, 12 November 2007

another DRL10 pavilion...

this one from Alvin Triestanto...

Sunday, 11 November 2007

have a seat...

Lately the focus has been on tectonics, as we have been looking at the joints and the section profiles. These are major issues we need to develop with AKT so that they can get a proper structural analysis to us. In order to move ahead, we have been focused on the roof canopy. This weekend, we have looked at some geometry refinement on the bench, and incorporated a revised more controlled version of the bench into the new roof shell. we still need to define the section profiles of the bench, and more importantly, how those profiles will splice into those of the roof. in the's a few screenshots of the latest bench 3D....more to come.

dpm pavilion

Plan & Elevations

here's another of the entries from the DRL10 competition. This one brought to you by Shajay Bhooshan, Brian C. Dale, Luis Fragada, and Victor Orive Garcia. Check out their images below, and Luis' Blog - LiveArchitecture.

Aerial Perspective


Panel Fitness Optimization through MEL Scripting